Taman Sari Yogyakarta, also known as the Water Palace, is a cultural heritage site located in the city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It was built in the 18th century by the first Sultan of Yogyakarta, Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, and served as a royal garden and bathing complex for the Sultan and his family.
The complex was designed with a mix of Javanese and European architectural styles and features a series of pools, fountains, and underground passageways. It was used for various purposes including meditation, relaxation, and entertainment.
One of the most famous parts of Taman Sari is the underground mosque, which was used by the royal family for prayer and meditation. It is located beneath the central bathing pool and can only be accessed through a secret staircase.
The Water Castle also played a strategic role in the defense of the Yogyakarta Sultanate, with its underground passageways and hidden rooms used as a refuge during times of war.
Today, Taman Sari Yogyakarta is a popular tourist attraction, with visitors coming from all over the world to explore its unique architecture and learn about its rich history. The site is also used for cultural events and performances, providing a glimpse into traditional Javanese culture.